The MG MGB is a car that was made by MG from 1962 through 1980. MG was a British manufacturer of sports cars that was founded in the 1920s. The letters stand for Morris Garages, the origin of the car company in Oxford. The now defunct manufacturer was long known for sporty little two-seaters that helped ignite enthusiasm for sports cars in the U.S. and elsewhere.
For 18 years, MG produced the MGB model with very minimal changes, a testament to its popular design. It replaced the MGA in 1962, which was the first sports car to be produced in numbers over 100,000. MG introduced the B as a roadster with a four-cylinder engine. By 1965, a 2 + 2 coupe was also available.
At the time of its introduction, the MGB sported a modern design with a lighter body, which helped save on manufacturing costs, and greater strength than its predecessor, the A model. Another innovation that MG gave to the MGB was the inclusion of crumple zones to protect the driver and passenger.
Throughout its 18-year lifespan, the MGB was available as several different models. The roadster was the original version of the car. MG designated a Mark II model beginning in 1967 and Mark III in 1972. Some engineering changes were introduced in these versions, but only minimal styling alterations.
In 1965, MG introduced a fixed-roof MGB, called the GT. The GT’s sloping rear window and rear deck helped to introduce the hatchback style of car. Buyers could get the GT with a V8 beginning in 1973. At the time, the Rover V8 engine was lighter than any other V8 being produced in the world. This model never made it to the U.S., though.
For just two years from 1967 to 1969, MG offered the MGC with a straight-6 engine. Although at the time reviews of the MGC were mixed due to its heavy engine, new suspension, and poor handling, today the limited production car is extremely collectible.