1970 Camaro: When Ford came out with the Mustang in late 1964, the pony car segment was born and was destined to become an American classic. The rest of the automakers followed suit and developed similar, small, sporty, cool-looking, and performance-oriented cars. Chevy’s entry into the market was the Camaro, which first appeared in 1967. The second generation began with the 1970 Camaro.
The early Camaros were designed to compete with the Mustang, but they had a style and panache all their own. They included the long hood and short rear end that defined most pony cars, but also included unique style points and a variety of engines including high performers that had the potential to put the Camaro into the muscle car category.
After just three model years, Chevy was ready for a redesign and the 1970 Camaro marked the start of the second generation. It was still set on the F-body platform, but it became larger, lower, and wider and styling changes as well as updates and refinements included the chassis, suspension, sound-proofing, and safety features. Additionally, the convertible was removed from the line-up and the Camaro sold only as a two-door coupe.
For the 1970 Camaro, Chevy upgraded the base engine to a 230-cubic inch, six-cylinder with 155 horsepower. Options for engines ranged all the way up to a 396-cubic inch V8 with 375 horsepower. In addition to the base model, buyers of the 1970 Camaro could choose from the Rally Sport, Super Sport, and the Z28 packages. For the first time, the Z28 was available with a three-speed automatic transmission as well as the four-speed manual.
The second generation 1970 Camaro also had styling elements that separated it from the earlier models. None of the exterior body panels were carried over from the 1969 to the 1970 Camaro. The semi-fastback design, without quarter windows, but with increased window space none the less, was popular and lasted throughout the eleven-year generation through 1981.